Information Security News
Affectionately know as ZAP the OWASP Zed Attack Proxy in an excellent web application testing tool. It finds its way into the hands of experienced penetration testers, newer security administrators, vulnerability assessors, as well as auditors and the curious. One of the reasons for its popularity is the ease of use and the extensive granular capability to examine transactions. While some may know ZAP as a fork or successor to the old Paros proxy,it is so much more. Roughly 20% of the code base remains from Paros, meaning that the remainder is new code! Also, ZAP is one of the most active free open source projects around! There are so many excellent features, for example the automated scanner and the interception proxy. That is just for starters. ZAP is:
â¢Free, Open source
â¢Involvement is actively encouraged
â¢Easy to use
â¢Easy to install
â¢Works well with other tools
â¢Reuses well regarded components.
Did I mention free?
ZAP has many features, some developed in the Google Summer of Code (GSoC) over the years. For penetration testers ZAP has many new features such as Zest support and ZAP integration, Advanced access control testing and user access comparison, Advanced Fuzzing, SOAP web service scanning, and more.
I gave a talk about ZAP at SANSFire recently, the slides can be found at: https://isc.sans.edu/diaryimages/BustacapinawebappwithOWASPZAPSANSFIRE2014.pdf
Adrien de BeauprÃ©
ISC reader Frank reports seeing a couple odd DNS names in his DNS resolver log
4e6.1a4bf.565697d.f52e1.306.60ae.766e0.mdleztmxhvxc.speakan.in. A=18.104.22.168 TTL=30 NS=22.214.171.124
3a.276965.3e6b39.cdaf104.da.e018.72c1a.mdleztmxhvxc.speakan.in. A=126.96.36.199 TTL=30 NS=188.8.131.52
As so often, the first step in the infection chain had been a visit to a benign, but unpatched and hacked Wordpress website. It redirected to an intermediary, which in turn redirected to the domains above. The subsequent http connection with Java exploit attempt was stopped by the proxy filters in Frank's case, so no harm done.
But looking at public passive DNS records, it is obvious that "something" is going on, and has been for a long while. Domain names of this pattern have been observed since about November 2013, and are associated with the Magnitude Exploit Kit. Snort and Emergingthreats have decent signatures, and flag the traffic as "MAGNITUDE EK".
The recently used domain names are all within the Indian TLD ".in", and checking the registration information, they were all registered by the same alleged "Ivan Biloev" from Moscow, and all of them via the same registrar (webiq.in). They even suspended a handful of the domains because of abuse, but they apparently continue to let Ivan happily register new addresses. Maybe a registrar might want to have a chat with a customer who had domains revoked, before letting registrations for additional names go through??
Recent Magnitude mal-domains included, only to name a few: speakan.in busyneeds.in chancessay.in futureroll.in loadsbreak.in suchimages.in touchitems.in waysheader.in putsediting.in regionwhole.in resultsself.in unlikesolve.in advisefailed.in closesthotel.in comesexpands.in installseven.in deducecontact.in poundscaptain.in delayattempted.in lawuniversitys.in obviouslyheads.in
Brad over at malware-traffic-analysis.net has a write-up  on a recent sample. If you have current intel on Magnitude EK, the domain name patterns, the exploits pushed in the current set, etc, then please share in the comments below or via our contact form.
 http://malware-traffic-analysis.net/2014/07/15/index.html(c) SANS Internet Storm Center. https://isc.sans.edu Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 United States License.
GAO Identifies Weakness in FDIC InfoSec
Two separate audits by the Government Accountability Office show information security weaknesses at the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. and significant deficiencies in information system controls at the Treasury Department unit that manages the federal ...
Apple has endowed iPhones with undocumented functions that allow unauthorized people in privileged positions to wirelessly connect and harvest pictures, text messages, and other sensitive data without entering a password or PIN, a forensic scientist warned over the weekend.
Jonathan Zdziarski, an iOS jailbreaker and forensic expert, told attendees of the Hope X conference that he can't be sure Apple engineers enabled the mechanisms with the intention of accommodating surveillance by the National Security Agency and law enforcement groups. Still, he said some of the services serve little or no purpose other than to make huge amounts of data available to anyone who has access to a computer, alarm clock, or other device that has ever been paired with a targeted device.
Zdziarski said the service that raises the most concern is known as com.apple.mobile.file_relay. It dishes out a staggering amount of data—including account data for e-mail, Twitter, iCloud, and other services, a full copy of the address book including deleted entries, the user cache folder, logs of geographic positions, and a complete dump of the user photo album—all without requiring a backup password to be entered. He said two other services dubbed com.apple.pcapd and com.apple.mobile.house_arrest may have legitimate uses for app developers or support people but can also be used to spy on users by government agencies or even jilted ex-lovers. The Pcapd service, for instance, allows people to wirelessly monitor all network traffic traveling into and out of the device, even when it's not running in a special developer or support mode. House_arrest, meanwhile, allows the copying of sensitive files and documents from Twitter, Facebook, and many other applications.